The Definition of Sport
There are many differences in the definition of sport. For instance, some would argue that it should be widely followed, while others argue that the definition must be universal. But the fact remains that both terms refer to the same activity. In order to determine whether a game is a sport, we need to consider the human capacity to perform. In other words, the definition of sport is a collective, cooperative act of physical exertion. A game can be a sport if there is an element of skill in it.
While sport is a collective activity, there are different ways to view it. Philosophers of sport generally divide it into two distinct camps: strict formalists and phenomenologists. The former focus on the conditions that make a particular sport acceptable and the latter on the conditions that create an ideal sporting environment. The former approach emphasizes human agency. While the latter focuses on objective measures, the former is more ambiguous. In addition to the rules and customs of a given sport, there are also the individual characteristics of the players and their performance.
While the former has its own merits, critics point to a few problems that it has, such as the lack of resources to distinguish good from bad rules and conventions. The latter approach takes the status quo as normative, a position that makes it hard to evaluate the emergence of sport as a whole. But the benefits of this approach remain indisputable, largely because it does not address the root causes of the phenomenon.
The third approach is the study of the nature of human agency. It emphasizes the agency of individuals in the process of competition. Although traditional wrestling is not widely practiced in the United States, it is the most widely followed martial art. Similarly, karate is more popular. A more popular approach is the study of sport. Despite the difference between organised sport and unorganized sport, both have a common focus: physical exertion and human interaction. The distinction between these two types of activities is crucial in determining the differences between sports.
The first approach is the strict formalist. These advocates of sport are concerned with preserving the rule-following tradition of the game. The goal is to achieve the most competitive results in the event. It is impossible to play an organized game if it involves breaking the rules. However, there are social sports that are purely recreational. These include gymnastics and judo. They are similar to each other and share the same goals and are performed by different groups.
In contrast, organised sport tends to have a more structured structure. Unlike social sports, organized games have an explicit purpose. For example, competitions aim to reach a specific number of competitors. The aim of the competition is to win the match. The competition must be fair, and participants must be able to avoid cheating. There are no exceptions to this rule. If a team does, it will lose the game. In the long run, it will not help the game.